The Gallant Advantage
THE GALLANT APPROACH
Manufacture pure explosive materials as the base of all odor products using the highest grade reagents available.
Modify explosive to non-detonable format without impacting chemistry.
Use cutting edge quality control methods to track product quality and consistency.
Use a systemic Quality by Design (QbD) approach to ensure quality without compromise.
Gallant TA-SPOT® training aids are made with a process developed by the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) that was designed to produce non-detonable training aids that are free from extraneous odors—such as those from solvents—that can lead to improper odor imprinting and lack of generalization to the pure, or “neat,” explosive.
Samples of different TATP canine training aids were sent to an independent testing laboratory for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) analysis using Headspace Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy and for explosive composition analysis using an Ionicon PTR‐TOF‐MS model T‐4000. The results of the VOC analysis of the TA-SPOT® training aid and a competing product (Competing “Real” training aid) are shown below in Figure 1.
Although there is trace acetone in both samples, in the Competing “Real” training aid, the main volatile component being emitted from the sample is Acetonitrile, which has a peak intensity approximately 10 times higher than that of the TATP sample. In the TA-SPOT® training aid, the TATP is visible as the main component being emitted in the VOC testing.
For a different analysis of the canine training aids, a Pseudo-TATP training aid (Competing “Pseudo” training aid) and a TA-SPOT® training aid were analyzed by PTR-MS to look at real-time monitoring of volatile explosive components. The spectra from these analyses are shown in Figure 2.
From the PTR-MS analysis of the TA-SPOT® training aid, TATP is the main explosive component with a strong peak at 223 m/z. There is a small amount of DADP present in the sample in a ratio of approximately 15:1 TATP:DADP (See Figure 2a).
In the Competing “Pseudo” training aid, the concentration of DADP is much higher, with a ratio of approximately 1.2:1 TATP:DADP (See Figure 2b).
1 gram HMTD source material, match ignition, 1000 fps high-speed video
5 grams HM-SPOT material, match ignition, 1000 fps high-speed video